Image by Paalia
So, today, we are only going to deal with the indicative mood in the active voice, and we will just see the form and not the uses of the tenses, which have been dealt with in previous posts.
Apart from the tenses, there are other verbal forms that do not change:
- the present participle or gerund, also called “the -ing form”. (working)
- the past participle, which ends in -ed for regular verbs (worked), while for the irregular verbs, it’s the third column (break, broke, broken)
All the tenses express either the present, the past or the future and they all follow the same pattern, so it’s really easy to learn them:
- In the present they do not add any suffixes to the root, except for the -s in the third person.
- In the past they add the suffix -ed to the root (only in regular verbs, of course).
- In the future they go with the verb will and do not add any suffixes.
- In the present the verb to be is in the present: am / is / are.
- In the past the verb to be is in the past: was / were.
- In the future the verb to be follows the auxiliary will.
- In the present, have is in the present: have / has.
- In the past have is in the past: had.
- In the future, have follows the auxiliary verb will.
Let’s have a look at this table to see the conjugation of the verb to work. Please, note that I have left out the pronouns when there is no difference in inflexion.
|SIMPLE||I work /he works||worked||will work|
|CONTINUOUS||I am /you are /he is working||I was /you were working||will be working|
|PERFECT SIMPLE||I have / he has worked||had worked||will have worked|
|PERFECT CONT.||I have / he has been working||had been working||will have been working|
Now, do you agree with me that learning the English tenses is as easy as ABC?
If you want to check that you can remember the names of the tenses, do this exercise: